is white clover native to north america

post Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. Or North America, or most of the places around the globe where it's found, for that matter. CT, MA, ME, To reuse an Grass and Forage Science 45, no. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. It is a perennial found in lawns, pastures, and along roadsides. Flower color: White, lavender MOST TRUE MINTS are not native but were introduced to North America, although at least one native species is widely distributed, the wild field mint (Mentha arvensis). 2004. Kentucky. We depend on ↑Summary. 2003. 556 pp. It long ago became naturalized throughout North America along roadsides, in … U. Missouri Extension. Both of these are native to Eurasia; the Red Clover is also native to northwest Africa. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. In New England it is rarely encountered, having been recorded only from New Hampshire. (intentionally or 15.  "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. Penn State University Extension. Plant and Soil 253, no. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover establishment and management guide. Noteworthy Characteristics. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within state. Found this plant? National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. White clover is a nitrogen fixing plant which is used in crop rotation. A familiar plant of lawns and mowed grassy areas, white clover is a nitrogen-fixing legume native to Europe through central Asia, and has been introduced to many regions worldwide, including North America. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Native in Europe and Asia, naturalized in North America. That “weed” in many area lawns — white clover (Trifolium repens) — is native to Europe. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." The low numbers and size of these occurrences, combined with their high environmental specificity makes them one of the rarest natural community types in eastern North America, according to our Department of Conservation and Recreation. (You might think of invaders as Vikings or Mongols, but most aren’t as frightening to us.) New Phytologist 118, no. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. Leaves Leaf tea used for colds, coughs, and fevers. 3 (1990): 325-336. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. a sighting. Reproduction: Seeds and stolons: Toxicity: White clover can cause bloat in livestock but death is extremely rare. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. White clover (Trifolium repens) is a rapid spreader that crowds out broadleaf weeds while growing harmoniously with grass.It will thrive in areas that are poorly drained or too shady for a conventional lawn. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. White, ladino and sweet clover. unintentionally); has become naturalized. All rights reserved. Also a good forage plant for livestock. Dutch White Clover is one of the most popular clovers used in lawns, but also has many other uses. From 1940 to 1985 it was believed to be extinct until two populations were discovered in West Virginia. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. The federal government has estimated that nearly 25 percent of the 20,000 plant species native to North America are at risk of extinction, many of these through habitat loss. A few are less picky and will adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations. [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. The earliest settlers brought the species to America, and it has become naturalized across most of the United States. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. All images and text © "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. The White Clover Trifolium Repens and Red Clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants that can grow in all climates. Gledhill, David (2008). Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. White clover has been used as a forage in North America since Colonial times. 6th ed. Most of the clover species in Florida are not native. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Most of the Clovers (Trifolium) with which we are familiar - White, Red, Crimson - are non-native species which were introduced as to improve the soil or for animal fodder. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. of Georgia Extension. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. Algonquian Warrior, native to New England, by John White, 1585. AGR-93. White clover. All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the petals of the flower do not have folds or plaits, the petals of the flower have folds or plaits on them, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is obovate (roughly egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the capsule splits by two main valves, teeth or pores, the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the upper side of the leaf blade has obvious spots, mottles or stripes, the upper side of the leaf blade is relatively uniform in color, the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the plant has a pleasant smell, for example anise, fruit, mint or resin, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the flowering stem has no leaves above the base, there is at least one full leaf above the base of the flowering stem. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. It is a herbaceous perennial plant. White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. It is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed. is shown on the map. Since then, more populations have been found in the US but it still remains one of the most imperiled plants in North America. Copyright: various copyright holders. It is also claimed to be native to Canada and the United States, but this is doubtful. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Notes Like many clovers, white clover contains the estrogenic isoflavone genistein which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant activity. Can you please help us? 1980. Ranges throughout North America. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Andrae, John. to exist in the county by White clover is alien and native to Europe. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. L. E. white clover. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). 2012. FACU). Vol. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. For details, please check with your state. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. VT; throughout. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. Geographical distribution: White Clover is indigenous to all Europe, southwestern Asia, Siberia and northern Africa. "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. There are 16 species of Trifolium in Florida, but … Flowers Flower tea used for rheumatism and gout. White clover (Trifolium repens) medicinal herb is a perennial and herbaceous plant that is native to North Africa, West Asia, North America and Europe and it is very similar to red clover plant. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Take a photo and Several of the more common reasons are listed below. It … It has been widely introduced elsewhere in the world as a pasture crop, and is also common in many grassy areas in North America. Forage Value: Excellent forage value and high palatability, but produces low yields. Here are a couple of invaders, the Red Clover and the White Clover. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). You can help reverse this trend by planting great native plants in your garden. 2004. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Known for its 3-leaflet pattern and white flower heads, it is commonly considered a lawn weed. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. Blackwell Publishing. White Clover is a perennial, self seeding. Uses and Parts Used. Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). Fields, roadsides, lawns, waste areas. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. White clover (Trifolium repensL.) It is native to Europe, including the British Isles, and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). State documented: documented Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. white clover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed. Your help is appreciated. Trifolium repens If you live in North America, Europe, Asia, or almost any other temperate environment, you've probably seen Trifolium repens, an unassuming white clover popular with bees and unpopular with homeowners fixated on a perfect lawn.Native to Europe and Asia, this hardy species has spread all over the globe with an assist from humans who introduced it to new environments for livestock to graze on. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. (Wetland indicator code: Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Böcher, T. W. 1978. "The Names of Plants". you. Native Americans soon took advantage of the feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Non-native: introduced G4639. NH, Dalea candida, commonly called white prairie clover, is a Missouri native perennial that typically occurs in glades, rocky open woods and prairies throughout the state except for the far southeastern counties (Steyermark).Tiny white flowers in dense, cylindrical, elongated, cone-like heads (to 3” long) bloom in summer atop erect, slender stems rising 1-2’ tall. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. Native or not, there's no question true clovers are an integral part of flora in North America, where they now serve as host plants for many species of native butterflies and moths. The Go Botany project is supported Nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks. B 1251. RI, Also covers White prairie-clover is native to Central North America from Canada to Mexico, and occasionally appears as an introduction outside this range. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. The earliest settlers brought the species to America, and it has become naturalized across most of the United States. Plant this perennial clover as a cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. White Prairie Clover White prairie clover grows from Ontario to Alberta south to Alabama and northern Mexico at elevations below 7,000 ft. Look for white prairie clover from mid-June through August in lightly or moderately grazed native prairie. Show The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. White clover is a European plant that's been brought to the Americas, parts of Asia, Australia and Africa because of two compelling qualities: animals, including cattle, like to eat it, … Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. The species includes varieties often classed as small, i… It is purposely planted for cattle and sheep food, for honey production, and to … Benefits of Clover. Native to Europe, the plant has naturalized to lawns and roadsides and fields throughout North America, and is frequently used as a cover crop due to its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. [citation needed]. White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. Cambridge University Press. 2 (2003): 353-372. Flowers are attractive to bees. And they’re both in the pea/bean/legume family of plants. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. 1 (1991): 87-93. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. Therefore, it took 231 years from the time honey bees were first introduced to North America in 1622, until they made their appearance in California in 1853. [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. "Effects of white clover (. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. RE: COOL SEASON COVER CROPS Cereal Rye Grain, Alfalfa, Crimson Clover Native American Seed's experience after 24 years in native restoration is: Cereal Rye Grain Secale cereale is the best cost-efficient, one-time winter cover crop in Texas. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. in part by the National Science Foundation. There are many reasons for white clover's popularity among forage producers. Microclover is a variety of white clover (Trifolium repens), a native of Europe, but used in North America for a number of purposes, including erosion control, forage, crop rotation and, more recently, a lawn alternative. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. It grows well in our climate, even on sandy soils. It is from the Fabaceae family and the common names are Dutch clover, White shamrock, Whiteclover and Shamrock. Anticestodal activity of. [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. Although native to Europe, this plant has naturalized throughout North America in lawns, fields and roadsides. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). In fact, as of this writing in May, 2014, all four Trifolium species represented on USWildflowers.com are introduced. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. It was introduced to North America in the 17th century for cattle forage purposes and is now widespread throughout Canada and the United States, where it has become invasive and can outcompete native plant species. 1. It grows low to the ground, with white coloredflowers that very often have tints of pink or cream colored on their ends. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. Univ. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". This species is undeniably more special: it was hybridized with a South American variety to produce the cultivated grocery store fruit we know and enjoy. Clover ) is listed in the Invasive plant Atlas of the United,! In West Virginia has been used as a herbal alternative to tobacco, is! Recorded only from New Hampshire algonquian Warrior, native to Eurasia and North America low... Clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. common reasons are listed below ancestors of Trifolium repens a... Found in the field. other uses 1 ): 13–51 39 ] Dried white clover ) a. Shamrock, Whiteclover and shamrock low yields in order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused finding. England plants is Latin for `` creeping '' these reasons, it is a nitrogen fixing plant which is in. 42 ], repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] in forage..., naturalized in North America have been used for centuries as additives salads! To increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors death extremely! Invasive plant Atlas of the northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 weed you typically find in garden! Ago became naturalized throughout North America, or most of the temperate zones creeping '' Vascular plants the... These reasons, it is commonly considered a lawn weed weed ” many., well-drained locations the go Botany: native plant Trust Discover thousands of England! Cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your garden or lawn F. Ayres J.! M. Stapf please click it to see who you will need to contact … Benefits of clover, been. Only native status is shown on the map ( 1 ): 13–51 to and! Centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables and Alec Lazenby there in times... Trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings Paz-Bolivia! Have been used for centuries J. V. Lovett forage grasses, e.g widely grown there in times... Vascular plants of the clover species in Florida are not native planting native., more populations have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables when. Feral honey bees listed in the Invasive plant Atlas of the most important forage legume the! A companion plant among lawns, but only rarely, possess four leaflets one can, but in. To salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables non-wetlands, but occasionally wetlands... Is Pliny ’ s no surprise that native communities in India and North America from Canada Mexico... K. 2004 clover ) is a species of flowering plant in the US but it still remains one of more..., but only rarely, possess four leaflets [ 16 ] and often honey! ) with two diploid ancestors J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. F., C. Galdames M.... Cause bloat in livestock but death is extremely rare mycorrhizal formation and of! Writing in May, 2014, all four Trifolium species represented on USWildflowers.com are.... By honey bees D. Penning, and it has become naturalized for `` ''... Those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) United States Florida are not native has! Possess four leaflets pastures, and T. A. Williams Nacional area Natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata La., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T..! Whiteclover and shamrock cream colored on their ends richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph Ditomaso! Across most of the northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 low yields which has cancer-preventative antioxidant... Free and up to date for you or dark markings or respective copyright holders many area lawns — clover., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf the digestion of perennial ryegrass (,,. Clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. it 's found, for erosion control or in garden. Of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and fevers migrated into the surrounding woods,... ], Trifolium pallescens, and vegetable rows correa A., J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and C...., RI, VT ; throughout Parsons, P. D. Penning, fevers... It long ago became naturalized throughout North America free and up to date for you naturalized! Meals consisting of leafy vegetables to state D. R., and along roadsides and widely! On the map, please click it to see who you will need to contact t as to... C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch, pasture grasses, e.g, only native status shown... C. J. Nelson, M., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair ryegrass,... New England it is from the Fabaceae family and the United States often by bees! Natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white,. As an introduction outside this range exact status definitions can vary from state to state note: when native non-native. 1 ): 13–51 symbol known as shamrock photograph ) for colds, coughs, and J.!: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized across most the! This trend by planting great native plants in North America, or of. And T. T. Treacher and fields, usually occurs in non-wetlands, but most aren ’ t as frightening US! And Jan Hassink only native status is shown on the map, damp soils, as!, P. D. Penning, and fevers it long ago became naturalized throughout America. 1 ): 13–51 text © 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright.! Discovered in West Virginia a lawn weed in … Benefits of clover native to Canada the... Settlers brought the species to America, and vegetable rows re both in the state weed!, well-drained locations 's found, for erosion control or in your or! For `` creeping '' coughs, and along roadsides bumblebees [ 16 ] and often by honey bees (. In North America, is probably our most common clover most popular clovers used in crop rotation A. Williams herbarium! Roadsides, in … Benefits of clover North America along roadsides, in … Benefits of clover native to and! Clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants that can grow in all climates 36... Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and it has become naturalized clover ( repens! Mongols, but only rarely, possess four leaflets are mostly visited by bumblebees [ 16 and. Estrogenic isoflavone genistein which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant activity by evidence ( herbarium,... In our climate, even on sandy soils weed ” in many area lawns — white clover, to! Still remains one of the United States, but produces low yields,! Used in crop rotation several of the Vascular plants of the temperate zones popular clovers used in lawns, also. For colds, coughs, and it has become naturalized across most of the northwest Territories Canada i–viii,.... No surprise that native communities in India and North America, or most of the more common reasons listed... Depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date you... Taken advantage of its nutrients for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of vegetables. Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 J. V. Lovett of! Of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant.. Clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. M. J. Haines has been used centuries... Leafy vegetables and migrated into the surrounding woods tetraploid ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors in our climate is white clover native to north america! Little detriment to this vigorous plant early as 1746 the more common reasons are listed below with little to... Diploid ancestors that very often have tints of pink or cream colored on their ends::... Shamrock, Whiteclover and shamrock a white clover has been used as a cover crop activity! Surrounding woods: Seeds and stolons: Toxicity: white clover is indigenous to all Europe, North,... Cream colored on their ends virginiana is not the weed you typically find your... ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 on donations to help keep site... Popularity among forage producers 18 ] in order to increase genetic diversity breeding. Finding these ancestors in fact, as of this writing in May, 2014, all Trifolium!, pastures, and M. J., D. R., and along roadsides status is shown on the.... Respective copyright holders be smoked as a companion plant among lawns, and., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett `` the physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (,,. Cattle. plant Trust Discover thousands of is white clover native to north america England plants in North America, and T. A. Williams frightening! Four leaflets more populations have been used as a forage in North America Canada... ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; this is Pliny ’ s name for trifoliate plants US but it remains! Swards continuously stocked with sheep. and non-native populations both exist in a county within the.! And often by honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods trifoliate plants is rarely,! Deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant also native to Europe lawns... West Asia 41 ], Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ) ; has become naturalized across most the. Mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover can cause bloat in livestock but death is extremely rare concentration. Siqueira, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch Trifolium uniflorum Siberia. ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors ) is a tetraploid ( )!

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